Virtualization, Cloud, Infrastructure and all that stuff in-between

My ramblings on the stuff that holds it all together

vSphere Host cannot enter Standby mode using DPM and WoL

 

I encountered this error in my lab recently, I previously wrote about how I was able to use DPM in my home lab, I’ve recently re-built it into a different configuration but found that I was no longer able to use just Wake on LAN (WoL) to put idle cluster hosts into standby.

I got the following error, vCenter has determined that it cannot resume host from standby.

Confirm that IPMI/iLO is correctly configured or, configure vCenter to use Wake-On-LAN.

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1st thing to note is that there is nowhere in vCenter to actually configure Wake-on-LAN, however you can check to see which NICs in your system support Wake On LAN (not all do, and not all have WoL-enabled vSphere drivers)

My ML115 G5 host has the following NICs

  1. Broadcom NC380T dual port PCI Express card – which does not work with Wake on LAN
  2. Broadcom NC105i PCIe on-board NIC which does support WoL.

image

In my current configuration the onboard NIC is connected to a dvSwitch and is used for the management (vmk) interface

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This seems to be the cause of the problem because if I move the vmk interface (management NIC) out of the dvSwitch and configure it to use a normal dvSwitch vSwitch DPM works correctly.

In a production environment a real iLO/IPMI NIC is the way to go as there are many situations that could make WoL unreliable. However, if you want to use DPM and don’t have a proper iLo you need to rely on Wake-On-LAN so you need to consider the following..

  1. you need a supported NIC
  2. you need a management interface on a standard vSwitch, connected to a supported NIC

Also, worth noting that if you are attempting to build a vTARDIS with nested ESXi hypervisors you cannot use DPM within any of your nested ESXi nodes, the virtual NICs (e1000) do support WoL with some other guest-types like Windows, so your VM guests can respond to WoL packets (via the following UI screens)

image

However the e1000 driver that ships with vSphere ESX/ESXi does not seem to implement the WoL functionality so you wont be able to use DPM to put your vESXi guests to sleep – kind of an edge-case bit of functionality and ESX isn’t an officially supported guest OS within vSphere so it’s not that surprising.

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One response to “vSphere Host cannot enter Standby mode using DPM and WoL

  1. David Hill February 10, 2011 at 3:26 pm

    Hey Simon

    Found an error on your post and I have updated below:

    This seems to be the cause of the problem because if I move the vmk interface (management NIC) out of the dvSwitch and configure it to use a Standard vSwitch DPM works correctly.

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